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Detroit 2-53 Oil Capacity

farmer12

Registered
I picked up a 253 genset that ate a valve. Got it all rebuilt and running but I have no idea what the oil capacity is. It looks like the dipstick is broke off and someone took a grinder to it. There are no marks on it. Best I have found is 9 quarts in a 353. It’s got 8 quarts in it now to get it going. Do any of you know? I have a service manual for it but it doesn’t say any capacities.
 

haywaj

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Last Subscription Date
01/06/2017
Re: Detroit 2-53 oil capacity

8 quarts sounds like what was required for my
jd 435.
 

Tony Rye

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Last Subscription Date
08/24/2018
Re: Detroit 2-53 oil capacity

i will look in my service book to make sure . but i think it is 1/2 in, below block rail were oil pan bolts to block at low end of engine. that will be your high mark .detroit came with serval size oil pan and were set at some angle . alot of engine that were shipped to small equip, mfg did not have dipstick marked , boats and some construction equip. were some . that was detroit procedure to mark dipstick.i wiil try to dig out a old manual and make sure
 

farmer12

Registered
Re: Detroit 2-53 oil capacity

I’ve been seeing that a lot of them did come with different size pans. It’s a genset so it runs 1800 constantly. I’d appreciate it if you found anything in your book.
 

Tony Rye

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Last Subscription Date
08/24/2018
Re: Detroit 2-53 oil capacity

can not find any of my manual . i think that is the way you mark them ,not positive about it. nice set alot gen came with big pan for extended run . use a st wt. oil delo 100 are shell supposed to have a st wt, oil rated for 2 cycle engines now .

---------- Post added at 11:33:37 AM ---------- Previous post was at 11:31:36 AM ----------

is that a 53 are a 71 serie
 

The Diesel Doctor

Subscriber
Last Subscription Date
12/28/2019
Re: Detroit 2-53 oil capacity

They did not make a lot of different oil pans for the 2-53. I have seen a stamped steel and a cast iron one. If the engine is level run the engine to warm the oil. Shut it down wait 10 minuets then adjust the oil level to be 1 inch below the pan rail. This will be the full mark on the dipstick. You could also contact a Detroit distributor and give them the model & serial that is stamped on the block and they should be able to give you the part number of the dip stick for that engine. AL
 

Tony Rye

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Last Subscription Date
08/24/2018
Re: Detroit 2-53 oil capacity

all detroit offers now is a long dipstick .they tell you to mark and cut off with the old stick
 

farmer12

Registered
Re: Detroit 2-53 oil capacity

But how would you check to see if the oil is an inch under the rail? This has the cast pan and I don’t see any way to do that short of filling it and dropping the pan which I’m not interested in doing. It’s plenty heavy by itself with no oil.
 

The Diesel Doctor

Subscriber
Last Subscription Date
12/28/2019
Re: Detroit 2-53 oil capacity

Take the dipstick tube and adapter that fits into the block out. put a piece of electrical wire down the 1/4 inch pipe thread hole until it contacts the oil level Remove the wire and put it on the outside of the block at the pan rail to get your level. AL
 

Tony Rye

Registered
Last Subscription Date
08/24/2018
Re: Detroit 2-53 oil capacity

hold a ruler at the bottom of the block rail at the same angle as the tube than at add a inch to it it dont have to be exact .mark it there than go 3/4 of a inch down for the add mark. is it a 53 are a 71 can not see the ser,no very well but it looked like it started with a 71
 

The Diesel Doctor

Subscriber
Last Subscription Date
12/28/2019
This engine S/N 2D 15392 , The 2 is the number of cylinders, the D is for 53 series. The number 15392 is the number of engines manufactured from S/N 00001. The last 2-53 built was S/N 31648 in 1972 according to my field service data book. AL
 

The Diesel Doctor

Subscriber
Last Subscription Date
12/28/2019
53 series started production in 1957. 60 years ago Don`t know if the two cylinder was offered in that start up. Yours could be in the middle 80`s. There is a tag on the governor that sometimes has a date stamped on it. It tells you when the gov was made. AL
 

ronm

Subscriber
Last Subscription Date
07/10/2019
Re: Detroit 2-53 oil capacity

all detroit offers now is a long dipstick .they tell you to mark and cut off with the old stick
This. . . I lost the dipstick from the 435, a weed snagged it when I was brush -hogging the pasture. Went to the Detroit store and the guy brings out what looked like a fish tape for pulling wire. . . seriously, it was 8 feet long. . . at least the other 7 feet was handy for other uses.:crazy:
I could measure it and tell you how much you need, but not sure you have the same pan. 435D has a steel pan, 8qts...
 

The Diesel Doctor

Subscriber
Last Subscription Date
12/28/2019
In post #15 i meant to say the middle 60`s. There has to be another member out there who has the same genset that the measurement of the dipstick could gotten. AL
 

Grigg

Registered
I have a couple 2-52 gen sets, not sure if they have the same oil pan as yours.

Can you show a picture and some measurements of your oil pan and dipstick tube. I can then compare to mine and measure dipstick length.

Oil level is usually something close to an inch lower than the oil pan rail, depending on application... best to find out for sure though.
 

farmer12

Registered
Well I think I figured it out. There is a couple faint marks on the stick and holding it outside the block its about an inch below the rail. I didn’t think anything of the lines because they just looked like someone drug the grinder across it. So I think problem solved.
 

The Diesel Doctor

Subscriber
Last Subscription Date
12/28/2019
You will be be absolutely safe to run your engine with the oil level between those marks. Check out dipstick operating range of my 1-71. IMG_1104.jpg
 
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